Psychodrama is a guided therapy in which clients use role playing, dramatization and self-presentation to re-create real life situations to explore and gain insight into their lives while examining problems and issues. Although this type of therapy is executed in a group, it is not group therapy but rather individual therapy.
Jacob L. Moreno, MD conceived and developed psychodrama. This type of therapy increases emotional well-being, develops new skills, clarifies issues and enhances learning. It also facilitates personal growth and mental well-being.
The three phases of classical psychodrama are the warm-up, the action and the sharing. The basic elements include: the protagonist, the auxiliary egos, the audience, the stage and the director. Most sessions last up to two hours and revolve around the protagonist and are always guided by the therapist. It offers an open forum for discovery and exploration of interpersonal skills and dysfunctions through dramatic play.
Psychodrama is often used to treat:
- Post traumatic stress
- Eating disorders
- Alcohol dependency
- Drug dependency