Client-Centered Therapy (also known as Person-Centered Therapy) was developed by psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 50s. Today it is one of the most widely used approaches to psychotherapy and is a non-directive form of talk therapy.
This type of therapy has two key elements. Not only does it emphasize unconditional positive regard but it is non-directive, meaning therapists allow clients to lead the discussion and don’t try to steer them in a specific direction.
This approach empowers the client and makes them responsible for improving his or her own life. Client-centered therapy sees the therapist and client less like an expert treating a patient and more like a counselor or friend who encourages and listens. This therapy has three basic principles on behalf of the therapist: unconditional positive regard, empathy in understanding the client, and congruence with the client.